If you maintain a high standard of oral hygiene, periodontal (gum) disease can usually be prevented. However, if we spot that you have any of the signs of periodontal disease, we will recommend appropriate treatment as quickly as possible. At Station Square Dental we can offer a range of periodontal treatments to ease your discomfort.
What is periodontal disease?
There are many different kinds of bacteria, mucus and other particles of matter in the mouth, which stick to the teeth and form plaque. This is removed when you brush and floss your teeth. However if your dental hygiene habits have lapsed and the plaque is left on the teeth, it hardens to become tartar, which cannot be removed by brushing and must be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.
Tartar on the teeth causes gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. This is when the bacteria in the tartar and plaque have spread to the gums and caused irritation and damage.
Signs of gingivitis include gums that bleed easily or have become swollen and painful. Gingivitis is the milder form of gum disease, and if the teeth are brushed and flossed twice a day, and you visit our hygienists at Station Square Dental to have them cleaned regularly, it can usually be reversed.
However, if the signs of gingivitis are ignored, it can progress to become much more harmful. Periodontitis is the advanced form of gum disease, where the gums pull away from the teeth, the spaces left become infected, and the body begins to fight this infection. This battle between your body and the infection begins to break down the bone and tissue, and eventually the teeth will become loose and will have to be removed. Ouch!
Causes and risk factors of gingivitis and gum disease
Some factors which heighten the risk of developing gingivitis and periodontal disease are:
- A family history of gum disease, implying a genetic predisposition
- Some serious illnesses and the necessary treatments (chemotherapy, for example)
- Hormonal changes
Treatments for gum disease
The simplest treatment for periodontal issues is de-scaling and cleaning the teeth. If you suspect you may be developing gingivitis, make an appointment with us today to get it seen to and prevent the progression of the infection.
If gingivitis has become severe and progressed to periodontitis, options include root surface debridement. This is a treatment where the gums and roots of the teeth are cleaned well under the surface of the gums. It is almost always carried out under local anaesthetic. De-scaling and root debridement can be used together with antibiotic therapy to treat the very painful symptoms of periodontitis.
Symptoms of gingivitis – gum disease
- Persistent bad breath
- Redness and inflammation of the gums
- Loose teeth
- Bleeding gums
As with all dental issues, the sooner the problem gets seen to, the easier it is to treat. So if you notice any of the above signs and symptoms of periodontal disease, then please get in touch with us here at Station Square Dental to make an appointment.